Note

This documents the development version of NetworkX. Documentation for the current release can be found here.

networkx.algorithms.connectivity.kcutsets.all_node_cuts

all_node_cuts(G, k=None, flow_func=None)[source]

Returns all minimum k cutsets of an undirected graph G.

This implementation is based on Kanevsky’s algorithm [1] for finding all minimum-size node cut-sets of an undirected graph G; ie the set (or sets) of nodes of cardinality equal to the node connectivity of G. Thus if removed, would break G into two or more connected components.

Parameters
GNetworkX graph

Undirected graph

kInteger

Node connectivity of the input graph. If k is None, then it is computed. Default value: None.

flow_funcfunction

Function to perform the underlying flow computations. Default value edmonds_karp. This function performs better in sparse graphs with right tailed degree distributions. shortest_augmenting_path will perform better in denser graphs.

Returns
cutsa generator of node cutsets

Each node cutset has cardinality equal to the node connectivity of the input graph.

See also

node_connectivity
edmonds_karp
shortest_augmenting_path

Notes

This implementation is based on the sequential algorithm for finding all minimum-size separating vertex sets in a graph [1]. The main idea is to compute minimum cuts using local maximum flow computations among a set of nodes of highest degree and all other non-adjacent nodes in the Graph. Once we find a minimum cut, we add an edge between the high degree node and the target node of the local maximum flow computation to make sure that we will not find that minimum cut again.

References

1(1,2)

Kanevsky, A. (1993). Finding all minimum-size separating vertex sets in a graph. Networks 23(6), 533–541. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/net.3230230604/abstract

Examples

>>> # A two-dimensional grid graph has 4 cutsets of cardinality 2
>>> G = nx.grid_2d_graph(5, 5)
>>> cutsets = list(nx.all_node_cuts(G))
>>> len(cutsets)
4
>>> all(2 == len(cutset) for cutset in cutsets)
True
>>> nx.node_connectivity(G)
2