Note
This documents the development version of NetworkX. Documentation for the current release can be found here.
networkx.Graph.update¶

Graph.
update
(edges=None, nodes=None)[source]¶ Update the graph using nodes/edges/graphs as input.
Like dict.update, this method takes a graph as input, adding the graph’s nodes and edges to this graph. It can also take two inputs: edges and nodes. Finally it can take either edges or nodes. To specify only nodes the keyword
nodes
must be used.The collections of edges and nodes are treated similarly to the add_edges_from/add_nodes_from methods. When iterated, they should yield 2tuples (u, v) or 3tuples (u, v, datadict).
 Parameters
 edgesGraph object, collection of edges, or None
The first parameter can be a graph or some edges. If it has attributes
nodes
andedges
, then it is taken to be a Graphlike object and those attributes are used as collections of nodes and edges to be added to the graph. If the first parameter does not have those attributes, it is treated as a collection of edges and added to the graph. If the first argument is None, no edges are added. nodescollection of nodes, or None
The second parameter is treated as a collection of nodes to be added to the graph unless it is None. If
edges is None
andnodes is None
an exception is raised. If the first parameter is a Graph, thennodes
is ignored.
See also
add_edges_from
add multiple edges to a graph
add_nodes_from
add multiple nodes to a graph
Notes
It you want to update the graph using an adjacency structure it is straightforward to obtain the edges/nodes from adjacency. The following examples provide common cases, your adjacency may be slightly different and require tweaks of these examples.
>>> # dictofset/list/tuple >>> adj = {1: {2, 3}, 2: {1, 3}, 3: {1, 2}} >>> e = [(u, v) for u, nbrs in adj.items() for v in nbrs] >>> G.update(edges=e, nodes=adj)
>>> DG = nx.DiGraph() >>> # dictofdictofattribute >>> adj = {1: {2: 1.3, 3: 0.7}, 2: {1: 1.4}, 3: {1: 0.7}} >>> e = [ ... (u, v, {"weight": d}) ... for u, nbrs in adj.items() ... for v, d in nbrs.items() ... ] >>> DG.update(edges=e, nodes=adj)
>>> # dictofdictofdict >>> adj = {1: {2: {"weight": 1.3}, 3: {"color": 0.7, "weight": 1.2}}} >>> e = [ ... (u, v, {"weight": d}) ... for u, nbrs in adj.items() ... for v, d in nbrs.items() ... ] >>> DG.update(edges=e, nodes=adj)
>>> # predecessor adjacency (dictofset) >>> pred = {1: {2, 3}, 2: {3}, 3: {3}} >>> e = [(v, u) for u, nbrs in pred.items() for v in nbrs]
>>> # MultiGraph dictofdictofdictofattribute >>> MDG = nx.MultiDiGraph() >>> adj = { ... 1: {2: {0: {"weight": 1.3}, 1: {"weight": 1.2}}}, ... 3: {2: {0: {"weight": 0.7}}}, ... } >>> e = [ ... (u, v, ekey, d) ... for u, nbrs in adj.items() ... for v, keydict in nbrs.items() ... for ekey, d in keydict.items() ... ] >>> MDG.update(edges=e)
Examples
>>> G = nx.path_graph(5) >>> G.update(nx.complete_graph(range(4, 10))) >>> from itertools import combinations >>> edges = ( ... (u, v, {"power": u * v}) ... for u, v in combinations(range(10, 20), 2) ... if u * v < 225 ... ) >>> nodes = [1000] # for singleton, use a container >>> G.update(edges, nodes)