all_pairs_dijkstra_path_length(G, cutoff=None, weight='weight')[source]#

Compute shortest path lengths between all nodes in a weighted graph.

GNetworkX graph
cutoffinteger or float, optional

Length (sum of edge weights) at which the search is stopped. If cutoff is provided, only return paths with summed weight <= cutoff.

weightstring or function

If this is a string, then edge weights will be accessed via the edge attribute with this key (that is, the weight of the edge joining u to v will be G.edges[u, v][weight]). If no such edge attribute exists, the weight of the edge is assumed to be one.

If this is a function, the weight of an edge is the value returned by the function. The function must accept exactly three positional arguments: the two endpoints of an edge and the dictionary of edge attributes for that edge. The function must return a number or None to indicate a hidden edge.


(source, dictionary) iterator with dictionary keyed by target and shortest path length as the key value.


Edge weight attributes must be numerical. Distances are calculated as sums of weighted edges traversed.

The dictionary returned only has keys for reachable node pairs.


>>> G = nx.path_graph(5)
>>> length = dict(nx.all_pairs_dijkstra_path_length(G))
>>> for node in [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]:
...     print(f"1 - {node}: {length[1][node]}")
1 - 0: 1
1 - 1: 0
1 - 2: 1
1 - 3: 2
1 - 4: 3
>>> length[3][2]
>>> length[2][2]