networkx.linalg.modularitymatrix.directed_modularity_matrix

directed_modularity_matrix(G, nodelist=None, weight=None)[source]

Returns the directed modularity matrix of G.

The modularity matrix is the matrix B = A - <A>, where A is the adjacency matrix and <A> is the expected adjacency matrix, assuming that the graph is described by the configuration model.

More specifically, the element B_ij of B is defined as

\[B_{ij} = A_{ij} - k_i^{out} k_j^{in} / m\]

where \(k_i^{in}\) is the in degree of node i, and \(k_j^{out}\) is the out degree of node j, with m the number of edges in the graph. When weight is set to a name of an attribute edge, Aij, k_i, k_j and m are computed using its value.

Parameters
GDiGraph

A NetworkX DiGraph

nodelistlist, optional

The rows and columns are ordered according to the nodes in nodelist. If nodelist is None, then the ordering is produced by G.nodes().

weightstring or None, optional (default=None)

The edge attribute that holds the numerical value used for the edge weight. If None then all edge weights are 1.

Returns
BNumpy matrix

The modularity matrix of G.

See also

to_numpy_array
modularity_spectrum
adjacency_matrix
modularity_matrix

Notes

NetworkX defines the element A_ij of the adjacency matrix as 1 if there is a link going from node i to node j. Leicht and Newman use the opposite definition. This explains the different expression for B_ij.

References

1

E. A. Leicht, M. E. J. Newman, “Community structure in directed networks”, Phys. Rev Lett., vol. 100, no. 11, p. 118703, 2008.

Examples

>>> G = nx.DiGraph()
>>> G.add_edges_from(
...     (
...         (1, 2),
...         (1, 3),
...         (3, 1),
...         (3, 2),
...         (3, 5),
...         (4, 5),
...         (4, 6),
...         (5, 4),
...         (5, 6),
...         (6, 4),
...     )
... )
>>> B = nx.directed_modularity_matrix(G)