NetworkX 1.6#

Release date: 20 November 2011


New functions for finding articulation points, generating random bipartite graphs, constructing adjacency matrix representations, forming graph products, computing assortativity coefficients, measuring subgraph centrality and communicability, finding k-clique communities, and writing JSON format output.

New examples for drawing with D3 JavaScript library, and ordering matrices with the Cuthill-McKee algorithm.

More memory efficient implementation of current-flow betweenness and new approximation algorithms for current-flow betweenness and shortest-path betweenness.

Simplified handling of “weight” attributes for algorithms that use weights/costs/values.

Updated all code to work with the PyPy Python implementation which produces faster performance on many algorithms.

Graph Classes#

The degree* methods in the graph classes (Graph, DiGraph, MultiGraph, MultiDiGraph) now take an optional weight= keyword that allows computing weighted degree with arbitrary (numerical) edge attributes. Setting weight=None is equivalent to the previous weighted=False.

Weighted graph algorithms#

Many ‘weighted’ graph algorithms now take optional parameter to specify which edge attribute should be used for the weight (default=’weight’) (ticket

In some cases the parameter name was changed from weighted, to weight. Here is how to specify which edge attribute will be used in the algorithms:

  • Use weight=None to consider all weights equally (unweighted case)

  • Use weight=’weight’ to use the ‘weight’ edge attribute

  • Use weight=’other’ to use the ‘other’ edge attribute

Algorithms affected are:

to_scipy_sparse_matrix, clustering, average_clustering,, spectral_layout, neighbor_degree, is_isomorphic, betweenness_centrality, betweenness_centrality_subset, vitality, load_centrality, mincost, shortest_path, shortest_path_length, average_shortest_path_length


Node and edge attributes are now more easily incorporated into isomorphism checks via the ‘node_match’ and ‘edge_match’ parameters. As part of this change, the following classes were removed:


The function signature for ‘is_isomorphic’ is now simply:

is_isomorphic(g1, g2, node_match=None, edge_match=None)

See its docstring for more details. To aid in the creation of ‘node_match’ and ‘edge_match’ functions, users are encouraged to work with:


These functions construct functions which can be passed to ‘is_isomorphic’. Finally, note that the above functions are not imported into the top-level namespace and should be accessed from ‘networkx.algorithms.isomorphism’. A useful import statement that will be repeated throughout documentation is:

import networkx.algorithms.isomorphism as iso


  • attracting_components

    A list of lists is returned instead of a list of tuples.

  • condensation

    The condensation algorithm now takes a second argument (scc) and returns a graph with nodes labeled as integers instead of node tuples.

  • degree connectivity

    average_in_degree_connectivity and average_out_degree_connectivity have been replaced with

    average_degree_connectivity(G, source=’in’, target=’in’)


    average_degree_connectivity(G, source=’out’, target=’out’)

  • neighbor degree

    average_neighbor_in_degree and average_neighbor_out_degreey have have been replaced with

    average_neighbor_degree(G, source=’in’, target=’in’)


    average_neighbor_degree(G, source=’out’, target=’out’)