Graph.add_nodes_from(nodes_for_adding, **attr)[source]#

Add multiple nodes.

nodes_for_addingiterable container

A container of nodes (list, dict, set, etc.). OR A container of (node, attribute dict) tuples. Node attributes are updated using the attribute dict.

attrkeyword arguments, optional (default= no attributes)

Update attributes for all nodes in nodes. Node attributes specified in nodes as a tuple take precedence over attributes specified via keyword arguments.

See also



When adding nodes from an iterator over the graph you are changing, a RuntimeError can be raised with message: RuntimeError: dictionary changed size during iteration. This happens when the graph’s underlying dictionary is modified during iteration. To avoid this error, evaluate the iterator into a separate object, e.g. by using list(iterator_of_nodes), and pass this object to G.add_nodes_from.


>>> G = nx.Graph()  # or DiGraph, MultiGraph, MultiDiGraph, etc
>>> G.add_nodes_from("Hello")
>>> K3 = nx.Graph([(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 0)])
>>> G.add_nodes_from(K3)
>>> sorted(G.nodes(), key=str)
[0, 1, 2, 'H', 'e', 'l', 'o']

Use keywords to update specific node attributes for every node.

>>> G.add_nodes_from([1, 2], size=10)
>>> G.add_nodes_from([3, 4], weight=0.4)

Use (node, attrdict) tuples to update attributes for specific nodes.

>>> G.add_nodes_from([(1, dict(size=11)), (2, {"color": "blue"})])
>>> G.nodes[1]["size"]
>>> H = nx.Graph()
>>> H.add_nodes_from(G.nodes(data=True))
>>> H.nodes[1]["size"]

Evaluate an iterator over a graph if using it to modify the same graph

>>> G = nx.Graph([(0, 1), (1, 2), (3, 4)])
>>> # wrong way - will raise RuntimeError
>>> # G.add_nodes_from(n + 1 for n in G.nodes)
>>> # correct way
>>> G.add_nodes_from(list(n + 1 for n in G.nodes))