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dfs_edges(G, source=None, depth_limit=None)[source]

Iterate over edges in a depth-first-search (DFS).

Perform a depth-first-search over the nodes of G and yield the edges in order. This may not generate all edges in G (see edge_dfs).

  • G (NetworkX graph)
  • source (node, optional) – Specify starting node for depth-first search and return edges in the component reachable from source.
  • depth_limit (int, optional (default=len(G))) – Specify the maximum search depth.

edges – A generator of edges in the depth-first-search.

Return type:



>>> G = nx.path_graph(5)
>>> list(nx.dfs_edges(G, source=0))
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4)]
>>> list(nx.dfs_edges(G, source=0, depth_limit=2))
[(0, 1), (1, 2)]


If a source is not specified then a source is chosen arbitrarily and repeatedly until all components in the graph are searched.

The implementation of this function is adapted from David Eppstein’s depth-first search function in PADS, with modifications to allow depth limits based on the Wikipedia article “Depth-limited search”.