This documents an unmaintained version of NetworkX. Please upgrade to a maintained version and see the current NetworkX documentation.


Functions for computing and measuring community structure.

The functions in this class are not imported into the top-level networkx namespace. You can access these functions by importing the networkx.algorithms.community module, then accessing the functions as attributes of community. For example:

>>> import networkx as nx
>>> from networkx.algorithms import community
>>> G = nx.barbell_graph(5, 1)
>>> communities_generator = community.girvan_newman(G)
>>> top_level_communities = next(communities_generator)
>>> next_level_communities = next(communities_generator)
>>> sorted(map(sorted, next_level_communities))
[[0, 1, 2, 3, 4], [5], [6, 7, 8, 9, 10]]


Functions for computing the Kernighan–Lin bipartition algorithm.

kernighan_lin_bisection(G[, partition, …]) Partition a graph into two blocks using the Kernighan–Lin algorithm.


Functions for generating graphs with community structure.

LFR_benchmark_graph(n, tau1, tau2, mu[, …]) Returns the LFR benchmark graph for testing community-finding algorithms.


k_clique_communities(G, k[, cliques]) Find k-clique communities in graph using the percolation method.

Modularity-based communities

Functions for detecting communities based on modularity.

greedy_modularity_communities(G[, weight]) Find communities in graph using Clauset-Newman-Moore greedy modularity maximization.

Label propagation

Label propagation community detection algorithms.

asyn_lpa_communities(G[, weight, seed]) Returns communities in G as detected by asynchronous label propagation.
label_propagation_communities(G) Generates community sets determined by label propagation

Fluid Communities

Asynchronous Fluid Communities algorithm for community detection.

asyn_fluidc(G, k[, max_iter, seed]) Returns communities in G as detected by Fluid Communities algorithm.

Measuring partitions

Functions for measuring the quality of a partition (into communities).

coverage(G, partition) Returns the coverage of a partition.
performance(G, partition) Returns the performance of a partition.

Partitions via centrality measures

Functions for computing communities based on centrality notions.

girvan_newman(G[, most_valuable_edge]) Finds communities in a graph using the Girvan–Newman method.

Validating partitions

Helper functions for community-finding algorithms.

is_partition(G, communities) Returns True if and only if communities is a partition of the nodes of G.