to_numpy_matrix¶
- to_numpy_matrix(G, nodelist=None, dtype=None, order=None, multigraph_weight=<built-in function sum>, weight='weight', nonedge=0.0)[source]¶
Returns the graph adjacency matrix as a NumPy matrix.
- Parameters
- Ggraph
The NetworkX graph used to construct the NumPy matrix.
- nodelistlist, optional
The rows and columns are ordered according to the nodes in
nodelist
. Ifnodelist
is None, then the ordering is produced by G.nodes().- dtypeNumPy data type, optional
A valid single NumPy data type used to initialize the array. This must be a simple type such as int or numpy.float64 and not a compound data type (see to_numpy_recarray) If None, then the NumPy default is used.
- order{‘C’, ‘F’}, optional
Whether to store multidimensional data in C- or Fortran-contiguous (row- or column-wise) order in memory. If None, then the NumPy default is used.
- multigraph_weight{sum, min, max}, optional
An operator that determines how weights in multigraphs are handled. The default is to sum the weights of the multiple edges.
- weightstring or None optional (default = ‘weight’)
The edge attribute that holds the numerical value used for the edge weight. If an edge does not have that attribute, then the value 1 is used instead.
- nonedgefloat (default = 0.0)
The matrix values corresponding to nonedges are typically set to zero. However, this could be undesirable if there are matrix values corresponding to actual edges that also have the value zero. If so, one might prefer nonedges to have some other value, such as nan.
- Returns
- MNumPy matrix
Graph adjacency matrix
See also
Notes
For directed graphs, entry i,j corresponds to an edge from i to j.
The matrix entries are assigned to the weight edge attribute. When an edge does not have a weight attribute, the value of the entry is set to the number 1. For multiple (parallel) edges, the values of the entries are determined by the
multigraph_weight
parameter. The default is to sum the weight attributes for each of the parallel edges.When
nodelist
does not contain every node inG
, the matrix is built from the subgraph ofG
that is induced by the nodes innodelist
.The convention used for self-loop edges in graphs is to assign the diagonal matrix entry value to the weight attribute of the edge (or the number 1 if the edge has no weight attribute). If the alternate convention of doubling the edge weight is desired the resulting Numpy matrix can be modified as follows:
>>> import numpy as np >>> G = nx.Graph([(1, 1)]) >>> A = nx.to_numpy_matrix(G) >>> A matrix([[1.]]) >>> A[np.diag_indices_from(A)] *= 2 >>> A matrix([[2.]])
Examples
>>> G = nx.MultiDiGraph() >>> G.add_edge(0, 1, weight=2) 0 >>> G.add_edge(1, 0) 0 >>> G.add_edge(2, 2, weight=3) 0 >>> G.add_edge(2, 2) 1 >>> nx.to_numpy_matrix(G, nodelist=[0, 1, 2]) matrix([[0., 2., 0.], [1., 0., 0.], [0., 0., 4.]])