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This documents an unmaintained version of NetworkX. Please upgrade to a maintained version and see the current NetworkX documentation.

# cuthill_mckee_ordering¶

cuthill_mckee_ordering(G, heuristic=None)[source]

Generate an ordering (permutation) of the graph nodes to make a sparse matrix.

Uses the Cuthill-McKee heuristic (based on breadth-first search) [1].

Parameters: G (graph) – A NetworkX graph heuristic (function, optional) – Function to choose starting node for RCM algorithm. If None a node from a psuedo-peripheral pair is used. A user-defined function can be supplied that takes a graph object and returns a single node. nodes – Generator of nodes in Cuthill-McKee ordering. generator

Examples

>>> from networkx.utils import cuthill_mckee_ordering
>>> G = nx.path_graph(4)
>>> rcm = list(cuthill_mckee_ordering(G))


Smallest degree node as heuristic function:

>>> def smallest_degree(G):
...     return min(G, key=G.degree)
>>> rcm = list(cuthill_mckee_ordering(G, heuristic=smallest_degree))


Notes

The optimal solution the the bandwidth reduction is NP-complete [2].

References

 [1] E. Cuthill and J. McKee. Reducing the bandwidth of sparse symmetric matrices, In Proc. 24th Nat. Conf. ACM, pages 157-172, 1969. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/800195.805928
 [2] Steven S. Skiena. 1997. The Algorithm Design Manual. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., New York, NY, USA.