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joint_degree_graph(joint_degrees, seed=None)[source]

Generates a random simple graph with the given joint degree dictionary.

  • joint_degrees (dictionary of dictionary of integers) – A joint degree dictionary in which entry joint_degrees[k][l] is the number of edges joining nodes of degree k with nodes of degree l.
  • seed (integer, random_state, or None (default)) – Indicator of random number generation state. See Randomness.

G – A graph with the specified joint degree dictionary.

Return type:



NetworkXError – If joint_degrees dictionary is not realizable.


In each iteration of the “while loop” the algorithm picks two disconnected nodes v and w, of degree k and l correspondingly, for which joint_degrees[k][l] has not reached its target yet. It then adds edge (v, w) and increases the number of edges in graph G by one.

The intelligence of the algorithm lies in the fact that it is always possible to add an edge between such disconnected nodes v and w, even if one or both nodes do not have free stubs. That is made possible by executing a “neighbor switch”, an edge rewiring move that releases a free stub while keeping the joint degree of G the same.

The algorithm continues for E (number of edges) iterations of the “while loop”, at the which point all entries of the given joint_degrees[k][l] have reached their target values and the construction is complete.


[1]M. Gjoka, B. Tillman, A. Markopoulou, “Construction of Simple Graphs with a Target Joint Degree Matrix and Beyond”, IEEE Infocom, ‘15.


>>> import networkx as nx
>>> joint_degrees = {1: {4: 1},
...                      2: {2: 2, 3: 2, 4: 2},
...                      3: {2: 2, 4: 1},
...                      4: {1: 1, 2: 2, 3: 1}}
>>> G=nx.joint_degree_graph(joint_degrees)