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chordal_cycle_graph(p, create_using=None)[source]

Returns the chordal cycle graph on p nodes.

The returned graph is a cycle graph on p nodes with chords joining each vertex x to its inverse modulo p. This graph is a (mildly explicit) 3-regular expander [1].

p must be a prime number.

  • p (a prime number) – The number of vertices in the graph. This also indicates where the chordal edges in the cycle will be created.
  • create_using (NetworkX graph constructor, optional (default=nx.Graph)) – Graph type to create. If graph instance, then cleared before populated.

G – The constructed undirected multigraph.

Return type:



NetworkXError – If create_using indicates directed or not a multigraph.


[1]Theorem 4.4.2 in A. Lubotzky. “Discrete groups, expanding graphs and invariant measures”, volume 125 of Progress in Mathematics. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, 1994.