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Returns the subgraph induced by the specified edges.

The induced subgraph contains each edge in edges and each node incident to any one of those edges.

Parameters:edges (iterable) – An iterable of edges in this graph.
Returns:G – An edge-induced subgraph of this graph with the same edge attributes.
Return type:Graph


The graph, edge, and node attributes in the returned subgraph view are references to the corresponding attributes in the original graph. The view is read-only.

To create a full graph version of the subgraph with its own copy of the edge or node attributes, use:

>>> G.edge_subgraph(edges).copy()  


>>> G = nx.path_graph(5)
>>> H = G.edge_subgraph([(0, 1), (3, 4)])
>>> list(H.nodes)
[0, 1, 3, 4]
>>> list(H.edges)
[(0, 1), (3, 4)]