This documents an unmaintained version of NetworkX. Please upgrade to a maintained version and see the current NetworkX documentation.



An OutEdgeView of the DiGraph as G.edges or G.edges().

edges(self, nbunch=None, data=False, default=None)

The OutEdgeView provides set-like operations on the edge-tuples as well as edge attribute lookup. When called, it also provides an EdgeDataView object which allows control of access to edge attributes (but does not provide set-like operations). Hence, G.edges[u, v]['color'] provides the value of the color attribute for edge (u, v) while for (u, v, c) in G.edges.data('color', default='red'): iterates through all the edges yielding the color attribute with default 'red' if no color attribute exists.

  • nbunch (single node, container, or all nodes (default= all nodes)) – The view will only report edges incident to these nodes.
  • data (string or bool, optional (default=False)) – The edge attribute returned in 3-tuple (u, v, ddict[data]). If True, return edge attribute dict in 3-tuple (u, v, ddict). If False, return 2-tuple (u, v).
  • default (value, optional (default=None)) – Value used for edges that don’t have the requested attribute. Only relevant if data is not True or False.

edges – A view of edge attributes, usually it iterates over (u, v) or (u, v, d) tuples of edges, but can also be used for attribute lookup as edges[u, v]['foo'].

Return type:


See also

in_edges, out_edges


Nodes in nbunch that are not in the graph will be (quietly) ignored. For directed graphs this returns the out-edges.


>>> G = nx.DiGraph()   # or MultiDiGraph, etc
>>> nx.add_path(G, [0, 1, 2])
>>> G.add_edge(2, 3, weight=5)
>>> [e for e in G.edges]
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3)]
>>> G.edges.data()  # default data is {} (empty dict)
OutEdgeDataView([(0, 1, {}), (1, 2, {}), (2, 3, {'weight': 5})])
>>> G.edges.data('weight', default=1)
OutEdgeDataView([(0, 1, 1), (1, 2, 1), (2, 3, 5)])
>>> G.edges([0, 2])  # only edges incident to these nodes
OutEdgeDataView([(0, 1), (2, 3)])
>>> G.edges(0)  # only edges incident to a single node (use G.adj[0]?)
OutEdgeDataView([(0, 1)])