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edge_betweenness_centrality(G, k=None, normalized=True, weight=None, seed=None)[source]

Compute betweenness centrality for edges.

Betweenness centrality of an edge \(e\) is the sum of the fraction of all-pairs shortest paths that pass through \(e\)

\[c_B(e) =\sum_{s,t \in V} \frac{\sigma(s, t|e)}{\sigma(s, t)}\]

where \(V\) is the set of nodes,`sigma(s, t)` is the number of shortest \((s, t)\)-paths, and \(\sigma(s, t|e)\) is the number of those paths passing through edge \(e\) [2].

  • G (graph) – A NetworkX graph
  • k (int, optional (default=None)) – If k is not None use k node samples to estimate betweenness. The value of k <= n where n is the number of nodes in the graph. Higher values give better approximation.
  • normalized (bool, optional) – If True the betweenness values are normalized by \(2/(n(n-1))\) for graphs, and \(1/(n(n-1))\) for directed graphs where \(n\) is the number of nodes in G.
  • weight (None or string, optional) – If None, all edge weights are considered equal. Otherwise holds the name of the edge attribute used as weight.

edges – Dictionary of edges with betweenness centrality as the value.

Return type:



The algorithm is from Ulrik Brandes [1].

For weighted graphs the edge weights must be greater than zero. Zero edge weights can produce an infinite number of equal length paths between pairs of nodes.


[1]A Faster Algorithm for Betweenness Centrality. Ulrik Brandes, Journal of Mathematical Sociology 25(2):163-177, 2001. http://www.inf.uni-konstanz.de/algo/publications/b-fabc-01.pdf
[2]Ulrik Brandes: On Variants of Shortest-Path Betweenness Centrality and their Generic Computation. Social Networks 30(2):136-145, 2008. http://www.inf.uni-konstanz.de/algo/publications/b-vspbc-08.pdf