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max_weight_matching(G, maxcardinality=False)[source]

Compute a maximum-weighted matching of G.

A matching is a subset of edges in which no node occurs more than once. The cardinality of a matching is the number of matched edges. The weight of a matching is the sum of the weights of its edges.


G : NetworkX graph

Undirected graph

maxcardinality: bool, optional

If maxcardinality is True, compute the maximum-cardinality matching with maximum weight among all maximum-cardinality matchings.


mate : dictionary

The matching is returned as a dictionary, mate, such that mate[v] == w if node v is matched to node w. Unmatched nodes do not occur as a key in mate.


If G has edges with ‘weight’ attribute the edge data are used as weight values else the weights are assumed to be 1.

This function takes time O(number_of_nodes ** 3).

If all edge weights are integers, the algorithm uses only integer computations. If floating point weights are used, the algorithm could return a slightly suboptimal matching due to numeric precision errors.

This method is based on the “blossom” method for finding augmenting paths and the “primal-dual” method for finding a matching of maximum weight, both methods invented by Jack Edmonds [R274].


[R274](1, 2) “Efficient Algorithms for Finding Maximum Matching in Graphs”, Zvi Galil, ACM Computing Surveys, 1986.