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average_neighbor_degree(G, source='out', target='out', nodes=None, weight=None)[source]

Returns the average degree of the neighborhood of each node.

The average degree of a node \(i\) is

\[k_{nn,i} = \frac{1}{|N(i)|} \sum_{j \in N(i)} k_j\]

where \(N(i)\) are the neighbors of node \(i\) and \(k_j\) is the degree of node \(j\) which belongs to \(N(i)\). For weighted graphs, an analogous measure can be defined [R150],

\[k_{nn,i}^{w} = \frac{1}{s_i} \sum_{j \in N(i)} w_{ij} k_j\]

where \(s_i\) is the weighted degree of node \(i\), \(w_{ij}\) is the weight of the edge that links \(i\) and \(j\) and \(N(i)\) are the neighbors of node \(i\).


G : NetworkX graph

source : string (“in”|”out”)

Directed graphs only. Use “in”- or “out”-degree for source node.

target : string (“in”|”out”)

Directed graphs only. Use “in”- or “out”-degree for target node.

nodes : list or iterable, optional

Compute neighbor degree for specified nodes. The default is all nodes in the graph.

weight : string or None, optional (default=None)

The edge attribute that holds the numerical value used as a weight. If None, then each edge has weight 1.


d: dict

A dictionary keyed by node with average neighbors degree value.


For directed graphs you can also specify in-degree or out-degree by passing keyword arguments.


[R150](1, 2) A. Barrat, M. Barthélemy, R. Pastor-Satorras, and A. Vespignani, “The architecture of complex weighted networks”. PNAS 101 (11): 3747–3752 (2004).


>>> G=nx.path_graph(4)
>>> G.edge[0][1]['weight'] = 5
>>> G.edge[2][3]['weight'] = 3
>>> nx.average_neighbor_degree(G)
{0: 2.0, 1: 1.5, 2: 1.5, 3: 2.0}
>>> nx.average_neighbor_degree(G, weight='weight')
{0: 2.0, 1: 1.1666666666666667, 2: 1.25, 3: 2.0}
>>> G=nx.DiGraph()
>>> G.add_path([0,1,2,3])
>>> nx.average_neighbor_degree(G, source='in', target='in')
{0: 1.0, 1: 1.0, 2: 1.0, 3: 0.0}
>>> nx.average_neighbor_degree(G, source='out', target='out')
{0: 1.0, 1: 1.0, 2: 0.0, 3: 0.0}